Career Management

There are many different types of quizzes or questionnaires nowadays where you get a result that’ll tell you something about your taste in food, or who your favourite band are. There are then more superstitious things such as horoscopes, where some people read them every month to find out their fortune for the next four weeks. How ever you may feel about these, and whether you believe in horoscopes or not, there are more scientific personality tests which use psychology to determine your personality type based on your personality traits, which have been developed over many years to make sure that they’re as accurate as possible.

The psychology behind it…

This was a theory originated by Carl Jung, a world-renowned psychologist, around 1921. He believed that all individuals have a personality type, and these can be broken down into categories of two: that there are two ways we function which are how we perceive things, and therefore how this affects how we make decisions; that we can either perceive information through our intuition or through our senses; and that we can make decisions based on subjective feelings or objective logic. He then defined eight different personality types from all these factors.

Katharine Cook Briggs then developed this idea around 1944, and built upon Jung’s work by exploring the importance of judging and perceiving. She came up with four categories of operation: how we like to make decisions, how we take in information, the normal day-to-day routines and lifestyle we enjoy, and our flow of energy. She then put four categories within each of these initial categories, so that we prefer to be either: thinking or feeling, judging or perceiving, sensing or intuitive, or extraverted or introverted. This theory has been agreed as the modern-day idea of personality types.

Personality pigeon-holing?

Of course not everyone will strictly fall into a category, hence why each personality type has four different sections to it. However, since there are now sixteen different types it is agreed that these will accurately describe everyone, and the broad spectrum of everyone’s personalities. While there may be some overlaps, these personality types are concerned with our natural strengths, as opposed to our less-preferred functions. It’s important to remember that these personality types are based on how people deal with the external world every day, rather than in extreme circumstances or occasions.

Personality pop quiz

There are many practical applications for these personality types, rather than it just being fun to see what result you might get on a quiz. In education, this can determine how you should be taught and what methods will enable you to learn as much as you can, while in the workplace it can determine what types of tasks you should perform, and where you’ll find the most satisfaction in a job. It can therefore be quite important to work out what personality type you are, to help you through various stages of your life, ensuring they are suited to you as much as they can be.

This infographic from Colonial Life tells you all there is to know about these different personality types, from the famous names who fall under each one to the personality traits of each type. Did you know that Barack Obama has the ENFJ (Extraversion Intuition Feeling Judging) personality type, which makes him ideal to be the President of the United States, as ENFJs tend to prove to be inspiring leaders. Take a look at the infographic below to find out more about these personality types, and the personality traits of celebrities such as Bill Gates, Oprah Winfrey, and Mark Zuckerberg.

About the author:  Jessie Avery is an insurance agent and representative of Colonial Life. They regularly provide advice and opportunities for small business owners.

This infographic was created by Colonial Life.


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